Green tea consumption began 4,000 years ago in China, making it the earliest type of herbal tea consumed.
Green tea is named after the color of tea in its final form. Green tea keeps its color, because the tea leaves are not oxidized. Green tea leaves are heat processed to eliminate enzymes responsible for oxidization.
Japanese green tea leaves are steamed at high temperatures to prevent oxidation. Steaming green tea leaves, give Japanese green tea distinct vegetal flavors. Sencha loose leaf teas give off light green amber colors, while Gyokuro loose leaf teas give off a deep grass like green when steeped.
Steamed green teas contain more moisture, making them more delicate. They require cooler storage temperatures and must be consumed earlier than roasted green teas.Types of Japanese Green Tea
Gyokuro Tea – Gyokuro green tea leaves are plucked 3 weeks grown into shade. Gyokuro tea leaves are darker in color and exhibit very grassy vegetal flavors.
Houjicha Tea – Houjicha green tea leaves are roasted and yield a nutty, smoky flavor.
Matcha Tea– Matcha green tea has been gaining a lot of popularity and for good reason. Matcha green tea is green tea on steroids. The entire loose leaf is dried, milled to a fine powder and consumed. Incorporating the whole leaf, means that you’re consuming significantly more of teas natural benefits.
Sencha Tea – Sencha green tea is steamed green tea, with astringent and grassy, vegetal flavors.
Chinese process green tea leaves differently. They pan fire or roast tea leaves, to prevent oxidation. Chinese green teas have a wide range of flavor profiles. They range from floral, to nutty and smoky flavors. Chinese green teas when steeped range from light to darker brownish yellows. Unlike Japanese green teas, that exhibit more green. Because Chinese green teas are roasted, they have a longer shelf life when stored correctly.
Dragonwell Tea – Dragonwell green tea ( also known as Lung Ching ) is grown in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. Distinctive in taste, and pan frying processed. Dragonwell green teas exhibit a toasty aroma with a sweet roasted nutty finish.
Pi Lo Chun Tea – Pi Lo Chun is green tea grown in Jiangsu province of China. Made from tender buds, they are processed by hand. Pi Lo Chun when steeped naturally fall to the bottom and a floral earthy taste.
Green tea can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, certain cancers, dental cavities, while improving bone density and cognitive function. EGCG found in green teas can help boost your metabolism, leading to weight loss.
Green tea contains caffeine at about 3% of its dry weight. Green tea contains roughly 25 mg to 50 mg of caffeine per 8 oz cup. By comparison, coffee has 100 - 200 mg.
EGCG, an antioxidant found in tea can help inhibit an enzyme that breaks down the hormone norepinephrine. In short, green tea increase levels of hormones that tell fat cells to break down fat. In addition, green teas contain caffeine which is known to increase metabolism and increase energy levels to burn more calories.